Limestone Barrens



Scientific Papers, Articles and Books

General Note: [Many, if not most, of the UNLINKED entries listed below are, in fact, available online, but only with "institutional access". In Newfoundland and Labrador, this usually means via priviledged access from within the Memorial University of Newfoundland library system.

For those without "institutional access", there are a number of options: [1] the Memorial University libraries have a remarkable number of documents available for free, especially through the Centre for Newfoundland Studies Digital Collections, otherwise, [2] it may be possible to contact authors directly to request specific documents, [3] try to avail of the good graces of a MUN student/staff/faculty member, [4] within the St. John's or Corner Brook areas, try accessing the items directly through the MUN library facilities located there, [5] there are a number of very useful websites, including ResearchGate and Academia (which are variously difficult to register for) which make large numbers of author-deposited scientific papers available for free, or, in some cases, at least connect you with the authors themselves, [6] especially for older documents, there are many super useful "document accumulaters" online, [7] ask your local Provincial Public Library to get you a digital or hard copy of the reference/s desired, via " Interlibrary Loan" (there may or may not be a nominal charge), or, finally, [8[ just be really creative online! There are many obscure ways of finding things on the Internet. Indeed, web-searching is an ART - not NEARLY everything can be located using just "Google"!]

Special Note: In light of the steadily-increasing "movement" to change over from "HTTP" webpage URLS to "HTTPS" webpage URLS, some browsers, such as "Firefox", have begun, by default, to block supposedly "insecure" web pages from downloading, at least until specific permission is given by the user to continue, regardless.
    "HTTPS is HTTP with encryption. The only difference between the two protocols is that HTTPS uses TLS (SSL) to encrypt normal HTTP requests and responses. As a result, HTTPS is far more secure than HTTP. A website that uses HTTP has "http://" in its URL, while a website that uses HTTPS has "https://" in its URL" [from the Cloudflare site:]
The problem is that the older a website is, the less likely it is that it will be " https:// protected". Additionally, for newer websites, "SSL certificates" simply may have expired (they have to be renewed periodically!) So, downloaders will need to decide if they trust such older "insecure" sites enough to allow them to download. In most cases there will be no problem, or at least not enough of a problem to worry about. However, the ultimate decision is the downloader's.


Bachelot de la Pylaie, Auguste Jean Marie. 1825. Voyage a l'Ile de Terre-Neuve ... Paris. [Extract of volume 4 of Mémoires de la Société Linnéenne de Paris] [View, or download PDF file]

Bartram, Edwin B. 1928. Newfoundland mosses collected by Mr. Bayard Long in 1924-26. Rhodora 30(349): 1-12. [View online, or download PDF of: Rhodora 30 here]

Belland, René J. 2005. A multivariate study of moss distributions in relation to environment in the Gulf of St. Lawrence region, Canada. Canadian Journal of Botany 83: 243-263. [PDF file]

Boland, Todd. 2000. The Wildflowers of Point Amour. Sarracenia 10(1): 2-5 [PDF file] of volume 10(1).

Boland, Todd. 2001. The Wildflowers of Point Amour. Wildflower: North America's Magazine of Wild Flora. Summer 2001: 10-13.

Boland, Todd. 2005. Saxifrages of Newfoundland and Labrador. Rock Garden Quarterly; Bulletin of the North American Rock Garden Society 63(1): 37-39 [PDF file. Scroll down to p. 37.]

Boland, Todd. 2012. Newfoundland's Southern Limestone Barrens. Rock Garden Quarterly. Bulletin of the North American Rock Garden Society 70(2): 122-134 [ "a flip file"].

Bouchard, André, Stuart G. Hay, Yyes Bergeron, and Alain Leduc. 1991. The Vascular Flora of Gros Morne National Park, Newfoundland: A habitat classification approach based on floristic, biogeographical and life-form data. Pp. 123-157 in P. L. Nimis and T. J. Crovello (eds.), Quantitative Approaches to Phytogeography. Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands. 280 p.

Bouchard, André, Stuart Hay, Luc Brouillet, Martin Jean, and Isabelle Saucier. 1991. The rare vascular plants of the Island of Newfoundland. Syllogeus No. 65. Canadian Museum of Nature. Ottawa, Canada. [PDF file]

Bouchard, André, Stuart Hay, C. Gauvin, and Yves Bergeron. 1986. Rare vascular plants of Gros Morne National Park, Newfoundland, Canada. Rhodora, 88 : 481-502. [View online, or download PDF of: Rhodora 11 here]

Bouchard, André, Stuart Hay, and Ernest Rouleau. 1978. The vascular flora of St. Barbe South District, Newfoundland: An interpretation based on biophysiographic areas. Rhodora 80(822): 228-308. [View online, or download PDF of: Rhodora 80 here]

[Butler, Reverend S. R.] 1870. Labrador Plants. Canadian Naturalist and Quarterly Journal of Science. n.s. 5: 350-353. [PDF file of volume 5 ... go to p. 350]. é

Conway, Carmel. 2009. Book Review: "Nicholls, Wilf and Luise Hermanutz (Editors). 2006. Discovering the Limestone Barrens of Western Newfoundland. Booklet." [Available from Memorial University Botanical Garden, and National Historic Sites.] Review here, on p. 23.

Damman, Antoni W. H. 1983. An ecological subdivision of the Island of Newfoundland. Pp. 163-206 IN South, G. Robin. (ed.) Biogeography and Ecology of the Island of Newfoundland. Junk, The Hague.

Dart, Garry. 2013. Factors affecting plant re-colonization on quarried limestone barrens habitat on the Great Northern Peninsula, Newfoundland. Science Atlantic 2013 - Science Atlantic Student Conference. Poster presentation. [Abstract] [PDF file. Scroll down to pp. 46-47.]

Day, Robin T. 1979. Newfoundland Nature Notes. Osprey 10(5): 86-89. [specifically the section entitled: "Limestone Barrens"] [PDF file of Volume 10(5)]

Day, Robin T. 1983. Natural History Notes from the Great Northern Peninsula of Newfoundland: St. Anthony, L'Anse aux Meadows, St. Barbe. Osprey 14(3): 73-79. [PDF file of Volume 14(3)]

Eames, Edwin H. 1909. Notes upon the Flora of Newfoundland. Rhodora 11(125): 85-99. [View online, or download PDF of: Rhodora 11 here]

Fernald, Merritt Lyndon. 1911. A botanical expedition to Newfoundland and southern Labrador. Rhodora 13: 109-162. [View online, or download PDF of: Rhodora 13 here]

Fernald, Merritt Lyndon. 1911. [A Botanical Expedition to Southern Labrador - an excerpt from Fernald (1911).] Sarracenia 11(4): 34-39 [2003]. [PDF file of Volume 11(4)]

Fernald, Merritt Lyndon. 1918. The contrast in the floras of Eastern and Western Newfoundland. American Journal of Botany 5(5): 237-247. [PDF file]

Fernald, Merritt Lyndon. 1926. Two summers of botanizing in Newfoundland. III. Noteworthy plants collected in Newfoundland, 1924 and 1925. Rhodora 28(328): 49-63, 74-87, 89-111, 115-129, 145-155, 161-178, 181-204, 210-225, 234-241. [View online, or download PDF of: Rhodora 28 here]

Fernald., Merritt Lyndon. 1933. Recent discoveries in the Newfoundland flora. Rhodora 35: 1-16, 47-63, 80-107, 120-140, 161-185, 203-223, 230-247, 265-283, 298-315, 327-346, 364-386, 395-403. [View online, or download PDF of: Rhodora 35 here - a MAJOR document!]

Fernald, Merritt Lyndon. 1950. Gray's Manual of Botany. Eighth edition. American Book Company. Lxiv + 1632 pp. [HTML file with single PDF page downloads. Searchable.]

Fernald., Merritt Lyndon. 1951. Arthur Stanley Pease, the botanical explorer. Harvard Studies in Classical Philology 60: 11-21.*

Fogg, John M., Jr. 1951. Fernald as a teacher. Rhodora 53(626): 39-43. [View online, or download PDF of: Rhodora 53 here]

Foley, M. J. Y. 2006. J. H. Penson: mystery man and mystery record. Watsonia 26: 171-178. [PDF file]

Hendrickson, C., T. Bell, K. Butler, L. Hermanutz. 2005. Disturbance-enabled invasion of Tussilago farfara (L.) in Gros Morne National Park, Newfoundland: Management applications. Natural Areas Journal, 25, 263-274.

Knudson, Lewis. 1942. Karl M. Wiegand: Obituary. Science 95(2470): 449-450.

Griscom, Ludlow. 1951. Fernald in the field. Rhodora 53(626): 61-65. [View online, or download PDF of: Rhodora 53 here]

[MacGregor, William, Sir]. 1907. Plants from Labrador. Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information (Royal Gardens, Kew) 1907(3): 76-88. [View online here]

Mann, Henry. 1983. The Flowers of Watson's Pond. Osprey 14(2): 37-49. [PDF file of Volume 14(2)]

Mason, Agnes. 2014. Is plant recolonization of limestone quarries time-dependent?. Science Atlantic 2014 - Science Atlantic Student Conference. Poster presentation. [Abstract] [PDF file. Scroll down to pp. 30-31.]

Maunder, John E. 1996/1997. The Labrador Straits - 1996. Sarracenia 7(1): 9-12. [PDF file of Volume 7(1)] [ERRATUM: On page 10 the "limestone bluff" was near "L'Anse-Amour", not "L 'Anse-au-Clair"]

[Meades, Susan]. 1990. Watt's Point Calcareous Barrens Candidate Ecological Reserve. Osprey 21(3): 126-127. [PDF file of Volume 21(3)]

Meades, Susan. 1994. Limestone and serpentine barrens plants. Sarracenia 4(3): 11-17. [PDF file of Volume 4(3)]

Meades, Susan. 1994. Highlights of the '94 field season: Calypso bulbosa and Crepis nana rediscovered! Sarracenia 5(1): 3-9. [PDF file of Volume 5(1)]

Meades, Susan. 1995. Progress Report: Protecting the Flora of Burnt Island. Sarracenia. 5(2):13-16. [PDF file of Volume 5(2)]

Meades, Susan. J. 1996. The end of quarrying at Burnt Island. Sarracenia 6(2): 7-17. [PDF file of Volume 6(2)]

Merrill, Elmer D. 1954. Merritt Lyndon Fernald: 1873-1950. A Biographical Memoir. National Academy Biographical Memoirs 28: 43-98. [PDF file] [some browsers may consider this document "unsecure"]

Nelson, E. Charles. 2010. The mythical Calluna atlantica: heather in Newfoundland. Heathers 7: 27-35. [PDF file; scroll down to pp. 27--35]

Nelson, Tom. 2008. A family orchid vacation to Newfoundland. July 8-19, 2007. North American Native Orchid Journal 14(1): 22-40.[PDF file; scroll down to pp. 22-40]

Parsons, Kimberley, and Luise Hermanutz. 2006. Conservation of rare, endemic braya species (Brassicaceae): Breeding system variation, potential hybridization. Biological Conservation 128: 201-214.*

Pease, Arthur Stanley. 1951. Merritt Lyndon Fernald: 1873-1950. Rhodora 53(626): 33-39 + pl. 1163. [View online, or download PDF of: Rhodora 53 here]

Peterson, Roger T. 1965. In Memorian: Ludlow Griscom. Auk 82: 598-605 + plate. [PDF file]

Reeks, Henry. 1873. A List of the Flowering Plants & Ferns of Newfoundland, with Meteorological Observations. Newbury. 30 pp. [PDF file]

Renouf, M. A. Pricilla, Trevor Bell, Joyce Macpherson. 2009. Hunter-Gatherer Impact on Subarctic Vegetation: Amerindian and Palaeoeskimo Occupations of Port au Choix, Northwestern Newfoundland. Arctic Anthropology 46(1-2): 176-190.

Rollins, Reed C. 1951. Fernald as a botanist. Rhodora 53(626): 56-61. [View online, or download PDF of: Rhodora 53 here]

Rouleau, Ernest, and Giséle. Lamoureux. 1992. Atlas of the Vascular Plants of the Island of Newfoundland and of the Islands of Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon. Fleurbec, Saint Henri-de-Levis, Quebec, Canada. 777 pp.

Sokoloff, Paul C., and Lynn J. Gillespie. 2012. Taxonomy of Astragalus robbinsii var. fernaldii (Fabaceae): molecular and morphological analyses support transfer to Astragalus eucosmus. Botany 90: 11-26.*

Squires, Susan E., Luise Hermanutz, Peggy L. Dixon. 2008. Endangered, endemic and almost invisible - Rare Braya on the Limestone Barrens of Newfoundland, Canada. Endangered Species Update 25: 41-44. [HTML file, figure omitted.]

Squires, Susan E., Luise Hermanutz, and Peggy L. Dixon. 2009. Agricultural insect pest compromises survival of two endemic Braya (Brassicaceae). Biological Conservation 142: 203-211.*

Sutton, Jolene T., Luise Hermanutz, John D. Jacobs. 2006. Are Frost Boils Important for the Recruitment of Arctic-Alpine Plants? Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research 38(2): 273-275.*

Waghorne, Arthur C., Reverend. 1895. The flora of Newfoundland, Labrador and St. Pierre et Miquelon [Part I] [read 10 April 1893]. Proceedings and Transactions of the Nova Scotian Institute of Science. 1890-1894. 8 (Vol. 1 of 2nd Ser.): 359-373. [View online, or download PDF here]

Waghorne, Arthur C., Reverend. 1896. The flora of Newfoundland, Labrador and St. Pierre et Miquelon : Part II [read 13 May 1895]. Proceedings and Transactions of the Nova Scotian Institute of Science. 1894-1898. 9(1) (Vol. 2 of 2nd Ser.): 83-100. [View online, or download PDF here]

Waghorne, Arthur C., Reverend. 1898. The flora of Newfoundland, Labrador and St. Pierre et Miquelon : Part III [read 9 May 1898]. Proceedings and Transactions of the Nova Scotian Institute of Science. 1894-1898. 9(4) (Vol. 2 of 2nd Ser.): 361-401.[View online, or download PDF here]

Wangersky, Russell. 2000. Don't cut the mustard. Canadian Geographic 120(7): 28 [Short article - "mustard" refers to our two brayas]*

Warwick, Suzanne I., Ihsan A. Al-Shehbaz, Connie Sauder, James G. Harris, and Marcus Koch. 2004. Phylogeny of Braya and Neotorularia (Brassicaceae) based on nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer and chloroplast trnL intron sequences. [PDF file]


Brown, Jessica, and Brent Mitchell. 2000. The stewardship approach and its relevance for protected landscapes. The George Wright Forum 17(1): 70-79. [PDF file]

Hobbs, R. J., E. Higgs, and J. A. Harris. 2009. Novel ecosystems: implications for conservation and restoration. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 24(11): 599-605.

Parks and Natural Areas Division. 2004. Burnt Cape, Newfoundland and Labrador: Guide to the Ecological Reserve. Department of Environment and Conservation. Government of Newfoundland and Labrador. Booklet. 30 pp.

Parr, Sharon, Grace O'Donovan and John Finn. 2006. Mapping the broad habitats of the Burren using satellite imagery. Johnstown Castle Research Centre, Wexford. 26 pp. [PDF file]

Rehman, Sami, Scott Slocombe and Susan Wismer. 2010. Principles for public participation in place-based governance: Two Atlantic Canada Case Studies. Pp. 119-129 IN Bondrup-Nielsen, S. , K. Beazley, G. Bissix, D. Colville, S. Flemming, T. Herman, M. McPherson, S. Mockford, and S. O'Grady (Eds). 2010. Ecosystem Based Management: Beyond Boundaries. Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference of Science and the Management of Protected Areas, 21-26 May 2007, Acadia University, Wolfville, Nova Scotia. Science and Management of Protected Areas Association, Wolfville, NS. [Burnt Cape is one of the two places studied.]

Society for Ecological Restoration: International Science & Policy Working Group, 2004. The SER International Primer on Ecological Restoration. [HTML file]

Stearns, Winfred A. 1883. Notes on the Natural History of Labrador. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 6: 111-137. [PDF file - page down to p. 111]

Tompa, Frank. S. 1971. What is I.B.P.? Osprey 2(4): 36-38. Osprey 2(4): 36-38. [PDF file of Volume 2(4)]

Waldorf, Jacqueline. 2004. A model for land conservation: notes from the Nature Conservancy [references Burnt Cape, Newfoundland and Old Man on his Back Prairie and Heritage Conservation Area, Saskatchewan]. Humanist Perspectives 36: 8-9.

Geology/Earth Science:

Akerman, Jonas. 1983. Notes concerning the vegetation on deflation surfaces, Kapp Linné, Spitsbergen. Polar Research 1 n.s.: 161-169. [PDF file]

DeGrace, John R. 1974a. Limestone Resources of Newfoundland and Labrador. A goldmine! [PDF file]

Dickson, W. Lawson. 2002. Dolomite potential of the Cape Norman area, Great Northern Peninsula, Newfoundland. Current Research. Report 02-1: 307-318. [PDF File]

Gower, Charles F., T. van Nostrand, D. Evans-Lamswood. 1994. Geology of the Pinware River Region, southeast Labrador. Current Research. Report 94-1: 347-369. [PDF File]

Grant, Douglas R.. 1992. Quaternary Geology of the St. Anthony - Blanc Sablon Area, Newfoundland and Quebec. Geological Survey of Canada. Memoir 427. 60 pp.

Hubert, J. F., R. K. Suchecki and R. K. M. Callahan. 1977. The Cow Head Breccia: Sedimentology of the Cambro-Ordovician continental margin, Newfoundland. Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists Specal Publication 25: 125-154.*

Howse, A. F. 2004. Industrial mineral potential of the Lower Paleozoic carbonate rocks of western Newfoundland. Open File NFLD/2853. [PDF File]

Kirby, F. T. 1996. Aggregate-resource assessment projects, Insular Newfoundland. Current Research, Report 96-1: 21-27. Newfoundland Department of Natural Resources, Geological Survey. [PDF File] [Discusses "limestone" resources on the tip of the Great Northern Peninsula]

Knight, Ian, and W. Douglas Boyce. 2000. Geological Notes on the Cambro-Ordovician Rocks of the Phillips Brook Anticline, north of Stephenville. Current Research. Report 2000-1: 197- 215. [PDF File]

Knight, Ian. 1991. Geology of Cambro-Ordovician Rocks in the Port Saunders (NTS 12I/11), Castors River (NTS 12I/15), St. John Island (NTS 12I/14) and Torrent River (NTS 12I/10) Map Areas. Report 91-4: 197- 215. Geological Survey Branch, Department of Mines and Energy, Government of Newfoundland and Labrador.

Williams, Paul W. 1966. Limestone Pavements: with Special Reference to Western Ireland. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers 40: 155-172.*


Rohr, D. M., E. A. Measures, W. Douglas Boyce, and Ian Knight. 2001. Early Ordovician Gastropods of the Barbace Cove Member (Boat Harbour Formation) and Catoche Formation, Western Newfoundland. Current Research, Report 2001-1, 113-126. [PDF file]

Stouge, Svend, and Ian Knight. 1981. Table Point, Newfoundland. An Example of Disfiguration of an Famous Outcrop. Geoscience Canada 8(3): 132-134. [PDF file]


Brooks, Stanley Truman. 1936. The land and freshwater mollusca of Newfoundland. Annals of the Carnegie Museum 25: 83-108 + plate.

Brooks, Stanley Truman and Betty Watts Brooks. 1940. Geographical distribution of the recent mollusca of Newfoundland. Annals of the Carnegie Museum 28: 53-75.

Mactavish, Bruce. 2001. Avifauna Inventory. Burnt Island Ecological Reserve. 1998. Osprey 32(2): 68-83. [PDF file of Volume 32(2)]

Majka, Christopher G., and David Langor. 2010. Contributions towards an understanding of the Cryptophaginae (Coleoptera, Cryptophagidae) of Atlantic Canada. Zookeys 35: 13-35. [PDF file]

Majka, Christopher G., Colin Johnson, and David W. Langor. 2010. Contributions towards an understanding of the Atomariinae (Coleoptera, Cryptophagidae) of Atlantic Canada. Zookeys 35: 37-63. [PDF file]

Majka, Christopher G., and David Langor. 2011. The Byrrhidae (Coleoptera) of Atlantic Canada. Journal of the Acadian Entomological Society 7: 32-43 [PDF file]

Pickavance, J. Roger, and C. D. Dondale. 2005. An annotated checklist of the spiders of Newfoundland. Canadian Field-Naturalist 119(2): 254-275. [PDF file]

Pickavance, J. Roger, and C. D. Dondale. 2010. Revision of Iviella lehtinen (Araneae: Dictynidae), with description of a new species from Newfoundland. Journal of Arachnology 38: 250-257. [PDF file]

Talekar, N. S. and A. M. Shelton. 1993. Biology, ecology and management of the diamondback moth. Annual Reviews of Entomology 38: 275-301. [PDF File]

Vanatta, E. G. 1925. Newfoundland shells. Nautilus 38(3): 92-93. [View online, or download PDF of: Nautilus 38 here]

Vanatta, E. G. 1927. Land and fresh-water shells from Newfoundland. Nautilus 40(4): 112-114. [View online, or download PDF of: Nautilus 40 here]

Vanatta, E. G. 1930. Newfoundland shells. Nautilus 43(4): 133-134. [View online, or download PDF of: Nautilus 43 here]

Young, Adamo. 2013. War of the wasps: Is Diadegma insulare or Microplitis plutellae a more effective parasitoid of the Diamondback Moth, Plutella xylostella? Canadian Field-Naturalist 127(3):211-215 PDF file]

[Page last updated: November 6, 2021]

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